Polymeric nanoparticles for targeted radiosensitization of prostate cancer cells

Jyothi U. Menon, Vasu Tumati, Jer Tsong Hsieh, Kytai T. Nguyen, Debabrata Saha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the many issues of using radiosensitizers in a clinical setting is timing daily radiation treatments to coincide with peak drug concentration in target tissue. To overcome this deficit, we have synthesized a novel nanoparticle (NP) system consisting of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs conjugated with prostate cancer cell penetrating peptide-R11 and encapsulated with a potent radio-sensitizer 8-dibenzothiophen-4-yl-2-morpholin-4-yl-chromen-4-one (NU7441) to allow prostate cancer-specific targeting and sustained delivery over 3 weeks. Preliminary characterization studies showed that the R11-conjugated NPs (R11-NU7441 NPs) had an average size of about 274 ± 80 nm and were stable for up to 5 days in deionized water and serum. The NPs were cytocompatible with immortalized prostate cells (PZ-HPV-7). Further, the particles showed a bi-phasic release of encapsulated NU7441 and were taken up by PC3 prostate cancer cells in a dose- and magnetic field-dependent manner while not being taken up in nonprostate cancer cell lines. In addition, R11-NU7441 NPs were effective radiation sensitizers of prostate cancer cell lines in vitro. These results thus demonstrate the potential of R11-conjugated PLGA NPs as novel platforms for targeted radiosensitization of prostate cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1632-1639
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume103
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • NU7441
  • nanoparticles
  • prostate cancer
  • radiosensitization
  • targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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