Predictors of appointment adherence following operative treatment of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures: Which patients are not following up?

Elizabeth W. Hubbard, Karl E. Rathjen, Marilyn Elliott, Robert L. Wimberly, Anthony I. Riccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aims to identify characteristics associated with poor appointment adherence after surgical stabilization of supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHFX) in children. A retrospective review of 560 consecutive, surgically managed patients with SCHFX from 2010 to 2015 was performed. One missed follow-up appointment was classified as ‘low adherence’, whereas missing two or more appointments was classified as ‘very low adherence’. Demographics, insurance status, estimated family income and distance from clinic were analyzed to identify differences in variables between adherent and low-adherent groups. Of 560, 121 (21.8%) missed one follow-up visit and 39/560 (7.1%) missed more than two visits. Age, gender, distance traveled, insurance status and primary language were nonpredictive. Estimated income <$50 000 was associated with a >200% increase in low adherence vs patients with estimated income >$50 000 (9.3 vs 3.8%; P = 0.012). African American patients had significantly lower adherence vs patients of other races (47.5 vs 19.6%; P < 0.0001). Ethnicity remained the only significant factor correlated to adherence after multivariate analysis. African Americans were three times more likely demonstrate low adherence (P = 0.0014). Ethnicity and estimated income <$50 000 were predictors of missing two or more visits. African American patients were four times more likely to miss two or more visits [odds ratio (OR), 4.17; P = 0.0026] than others; estimated income <$50 000 was associated with a two-fold increase in missing two or more visits (OR, 2.33; P = 0.035). By identifying at-risk patient populations, healthcare systems can adopt strategies to remove barriers of accessing follow-up care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Follow-up
  • Fracture
  • Noncompliance
  • Outpatient
  • Pediatric
  • Supracondylar humerus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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