Predictors of cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) testing in children with arterial ischemic stroke

Sally Sultan, Nicole Schupf, Michael Dowling, Gabrielle Deveber, Adam Kirton, Mitchell S V Elkind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Professional societies recommend screening lipids in healthy children. Dyslipidemia and elevated lipoprotein(a) are risk factors for adult cardiovascular disease and stroke. Their role in childhood arterial ischemic stroke is unexplored. Inconsistencies in testing limit analysis of existing lipid data. The objective of this study is to identify predictors and modifiable barriers to lipid testing in pediatric stroke.

Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis, children (28 days-18 years) with arterial ischemic stroke were identified from the International Pediatric Stroke Study registry (January 2003-April 2012). Analyzed predictors of recorded lipid or lipoprotein a (Lp(a)) testing were age, sex, race, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI) category, other stroke risk factors, country, US region, and recurrent thrombosis.

Results: Among 1652 participants (median, 6 years [interquartile range, 1.7-12.7]; 59.0% male; 40.8% white; 7.0% black), at least 1 lipid parameter or Lp (a) was available for 461 (27.9%). Compared with infants, testing was incrementally higher for older age categories. Compared with whites, testing was lower in blacks (adjusted odds ratio [OR], .5; 95% confidence interval [CI], .4-.5; P<.0001). Hispanic ethnicity only predicted testing within the United States (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.4-3.4; P=.001]. Testing was lower in the United States and Australia and higher in Chile. Any thrombotic recurrence and recurrent symptomatic arterial ischemic stroke were associated with testing, unlike male sex, BMI, other stroke risk factors, and region in the United States.

Conclusions: Only a quarter of children with stroke had recorded lipid testing. Older age, white race, and recurrence predicted testing. In future study adjusting for these predictors may be necessary. Standardized lipid testing in children with arterial ischemic stroke may further our understanding of this potential risk factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2405-2413
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Pediatric stroke
  • cholesterol
  • lipids
  • lipoprotein(a)
  • prevention
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this