Entamoeba histolytica, an amitochondriate parasitic protist, was demonstrated to be capable of reducing the oxidized form of α-lipoic acid, a non permeable electron acceptor outside the plasma membrane. This transmembrane reduction of non permeable electron acceptors with redox potentials ranging from -290 mV to +360 mV takes place at neutral pH. The transmembrane reduction of non permeable electron acceptors was not inhibited by mitochondrial electron transport inhibitors such as antimycin A, rotenone, cyanide and azide. However, a clear inhibition with complex III inhibitor, 2-(n-heptyl)-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide; modifiers of sulphydryl groups and inhibitors of glycolysis was revealed. The iron-sulphur centre inhibitor thenoyltrifluoroacetone failed to inhibit the reduction of non permeable electron acceptors whereas capsaicin, an inhibitor of energy coupling NADH oxidase, showed substantial inhibition. p-trifluromethoxychlorophenylhydrazone, a protonophore uncoupler, resulted in the stimulation of α-lipoic acid reduction but inhibition in oxygen uptake. Mitochondrial electron transport inhibitors substantially inhibited the oxygen uptake in E. histolytica. Transmembrane reduction of α-lipoic acid was strongly stimulated by anaerobiosis and anaerobic stimulation was inhibited by 2-(n-heptyl)-4- hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide. Transmembrane redox system of E. histolytica was also found to be sensitive to UV irradiation. All these findings clearly demonstrate the existence of transplasma membrane electron transport system in E. histolytica and possible involvment of a naphthoquinone coenzyme in transmembrane redox of E. histolytica which is different from that of mammalian host and therefore can provide a novel target for future rational chemotherapeutic drug designing.
- Ferricyanide reduction
- Naphthoquinone coenzyme
- Transplasma membrane electron transport
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology