Preoperative embolization facilitates the surgical management of complex cerebral arteriovenous malformations (cAVMs). This analysis aims to investigate the risks for preoperative cAVM embolization with Onyx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of all patients who underwent embolization with Onyx as a preoperative treatment of cAVMs at our institution since 2005 (US Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approval). Patients with arteriovenous fistulas were excluded. A total of 107 patients were treated for cAVMs during the study period. Of those patients, 41 underwent cAVM embolizations with Onyx in 82 procedures. RESULTS: After the embolization, the cAVM diameter was reduced from 3.71 ± 1.55 cm to 3.06 ± 1.89 cm (P < .05). Median volume reduction was 75%. Complete occlusion with embolization alone was achieved in 4 (10%) cAVMs. The recurrence rate for completely occluded cAVMs was 50% (2 patients). A total of 71 % of the 41 patients treated with Onyx underwent surgery, and 15% underwent radiosurgery. There were 9% who have not yet received definitive treatment of their residual cAVMs. A new permanent neurologic deficit occurred in 5 patients (6.1 % per procedure or 12.2% per patient). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable risk for a permanent neurologic deficit remains for cAVM embolization with Onyx. The risk has to be carefully weighted against the benefit of volume reduction in the treatment of cAVMs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology