Preoperative plasma HER2 and epidermal growth factor receptor for staging and prognostication in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer

Shahrokh F. Shariat, Karim Bensalah, Jose A. Karam, Claus Roehrborn, Andrea Gallina, Yair Lotan, Kevin M. Slawin, Pierre I. Karakiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression have been associated with disease progression in patients with prostate cancer. We tested the hypothesis that plasma levels of HER2 and/or EGFR are associated with prostate cancer stage and prognosis in patients with clinically localized disease. Experimental Design: We measured preoperative plasma HER2 and EGFR levels using commercially available ELISAs on banked plasma from 227 patients treated with radical prostatectomy and bilateral lymphadenectomy for clinically localized prostate adenocarcinoma. Results: Median preoperative plasma EGFR and HER2 levels were 31.4 ng/mL (interquartile range, 19.2 ng/mL) and 10.0 ng/mL (interquartile range, 2.7 ng/mL), respectively. HER2 was elevated in patients with seminal vesicle invasion (P = 0.033). In separate multivariate analyses that adjusted for the effects of standard preoperative predictors, lower EGFR, higher HER2, and higher HER2/EGFR ratio were associated with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression (P = 0.003, P < 0.001, and P < 0.001, respectively). In separate multivariate analyses that adjusted for the effects of standard postoperative predictors, lower EGFR and higher HER2/EGFR ratio were associated with PSA progression (P = 0.027 and P < 0.001, respectively). Among the patients who experienced PSA progression, HER2 was significantly higher (P = 0.023) and EGFR was lower (P = 0.04) in those with features of aggressive disease (i.e., development of metastasis, PSA doubling time <10 months, and/or failure to respond to local salvage radiation therapy). Conclusion: Preoperative plasma HER2 and EGFR were associated with prostate cancer progression after radical prostatectomy. Plasma HER2 and EGFR may provide a tool for predicting long-term recurrence-free survival and early metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5377-5384
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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