Preoperative spinal angiography decreases risk of spinal ischemia in pediatric posterior thoracic tumor resection

Rachael A. Clark, Jillian C. Jacobson, Joseph T. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Resection of pediatric posterior thoracic tumors (PTTs) can be complicated by Artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) injury. Post-op spinal ischemia occurs in approx. 3.2% of patients, typically due to iatrogenic vascular injury. Pre-op angiography (PSA) may help to avoid this complication. Herein, we aim to evaluate outcomes after initiation of routine PSA prior to PTT resection. Methods: A single-institution retrospective review identified 25 children (< 18 years) treated for PTTs from 2009 to 2021. PTTs included: posterior mediastinum, paraspinal thorax and posterior chest wall tumors. PSA patients were compared to those without pre-operative angiography (NA). Demographics, perioperative and long-term outcomes and event-free survival (EFS) were assessed. Results: Prior to 2012, eleven patients were treated without PSA. However, the last developed post-operative paraplegia secondary to spinal ischemia. Since this event, PSA has become routine for all PTTs (n = 14) identifying six AKAs and nine accessory spinal arteries. Resection was performed in ten (90.1%) NA patients and eight (57.1%) PSA patients. Based on PSA findings, resection was not offered to six patients and planned partial resection was performed in three patients. Five PSA patients required radiation therapy for local control vs two NA patients. There were no differences in recurrence or overall EFS. Conclusion: PSA aids in identifying patients with high-risk thoracic vascular anatomy and may prevent risk of post-operative paraplegia associated with PTT resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1427-1434
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Surgery International
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Ewing’s sarcoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Pediatric
  • Posterior thoracic tumors
  • Preoperative spinal angiography
  • Spinal angiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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