Preoperative stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children

Sean McAdams, Nicholas Kim, Daniel Dajusta, Manoj Monga, Indupur R. Ravish, Rajendra Nerli, Linda Baker, Aseem R. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We determined whether stone attenuation can predict stone fragmentation after shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. Previous studies show that preoperative attenuation in HU on noncontrast computerized tomography predicts shock wave lithotripsy success. To our knowledge study of this parameter in the pediatric population has been lacking to date. Materials and Methods: We performed a multi-institutional review of the records of 53 pediatric patients 1 to 18 years old who underwent shock wave lithotripsy for 3.8 to 36.0 mm renal calculi. Stone size, average skin-to-stone distance and attenuation value were determined by bone windows on preoperative noncontrast computerized tomography. Success was defined as radiographically stone-free status at 2 to 12-week followup after a single lithotripsy session without the need for further sessions or ancillary procedures. Results: After lithotripsy 33 patients (62%) were stone-free and 20 had incomplete fragmentation or required additional procedures. Mean ± SD stone attenuation in successfully treated patients vs those with incomplete fragmentation was 710 ± 294 vs 994 ± 379 HU (p = 0.007). Logistical regression analysis revealed that only attenuation in HU was a significant predictor of success. When patients were stratified into 2 groups (less than 1,000 and 1,000 HU or greater), the shock wave lithotripsy success rate was 77% and 33%, respectively (p <0.003). Conclusions: Stone attenuation less than 1,000 HU is a significant predictor of shock wave lithotripsy success in the pediatric population. This finding suggests that attenuation values have a similar predictive value in the pediatric population as that previously reported in the adult population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1804-1809
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume184
Issue number4 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • kidney
  • lithotripsy
  • tomography, x-ray computed
  • ureter
  • urinary calculi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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    McAdams, S., Kim, N., Dajusta, D., Monga, M., Ravish, I. R., Nerli, R., Baker, L., & Shukla, A. R. (2010). Preoperative stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children. Journal of Urology, 184(4 SUPPL.), 1804-1809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.112