Priori mask guided image reconstruction (p-MGIR) for ultra-low dose cone-beam computed tomography

Justin C. Park, Hao Zhang, Yunmei Chen, Qiyong Fan, Darren L. Kahler, Chihray Liu, Bo Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, the compressed sensing (CS) based iterative reconstruction method has received attention because of its ability to reconstruct cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images with good quality using sparsely sampled or noisy projections, thus enabling dose reduction. However, some challenges remain. In particular, there is always a tradeoff between image resolution and noise/streak artifact reduction based on the amount of regularization weighting that is applied uniformly across the CBCT volume. The purpose of this study is to develop a novel low-dose CBCT reconstruction algorithm framework called priori mask guided image reconstruction (p-MGIR) that allows reconstruction of high-quality low-dose CBCT images while preserving the image resolution. In p-MGIR, the unknown CBCT volume was mathematically modeled as a combination of two regions: (1) where anatomical structures are complex, and (2) where intensities are relatively uniform. The priori mask, which is the key concept of the p-MGIR algorithm, was defined as the matrix that distinguishes between the two separate CBCT regions where the resolution needs to be preserved and where streak or noise needs to be suppressed. We then alternately updated each part of image by solving two sub-minimization problems iteratively, where one minimization was focused on preserving the edge information of the first part while the other concentrated on the removal of noise/artifacts from the latter part. To evaluate the performance of the p-MGIR algorithm, a numerical head-and-neck phantom, a Catphan 600 physical phantom, and a clinical head-and-neck cancer case were used for analysis. The results were compared with the standard Feldkamp-Davis-Kress as well as conventional CS-based algorithms. Examination of the p-MGIR algorithm showed that high-quality low-dose CBCT images can be reconstructed without compromising the image resolution. For both phantom and the patient cases, the p-MGIR is able to achieve a clinically-reasonable image with 60 projections. Therefore, a clinically-viable, high-resolution head-and-neck CBCT image can be obtained while cutting the dose by 83%. Moreover, the image quality obtained using p-MGIR is better than the quality obtained using other algorithms. In this work, we propose a novel low-dose CBCT reconstruction algorithm called p-MGIR. It can be potentially used as a CBCT reconstruction algorithm with low dose scan requests

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8505-8524
Number of pages20
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume60
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3DCBCT
  • compressed sensing
  • iterative image reconstruction
  • on-line IGRT
  • p-MGIR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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