Objective: This study was designed to investigate risk factors in the final outcome of patients with civilian penetrating abdominal trauma and duodenal injuries, the value of the different surgical approaches used, and to define when more complex procedures are indicated, instead of the simple primary repair. Methods: The study design was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of a 4-year period (July 1992 to June 1996). Results: A total of 167 patients were admitted with penetrating abdominal trauma and duodenal injuries at San Juan de Dios Hospital in Santafe de Bogota, Colombia. Conclusion: The independent and significant risk factors that determine the severity of duodenal injury and need for complex procedures, as identified in this series, are preoperative or intraoperative shock; Abdominal Trauma Index higher than 25; and associated injuries to the pancreas, superior mesentric vessels, and colon. These factors are associated with an increased incidence of septic complications, duodenal fistula, and late mortality.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine