Aim: To determine epilepsy risk factors after pediatric stroke. Method: A cohort of children with arterial ischemic stroke (birth–18y) was enrolled at 21 centers and followed for 1 year. Acute seizures (≤7d after stroke) and active epilepsy (at least one unprovoked remote seizure plus maintenance anticonvulsant at 1y) were identified. Predictors were determined using logistic regression. Results: Among 114 patients (28 neonates and 86 children) enrolled, 26 neonates (93%) and 32 children (37%) had an acute seizure. Acute seizures lasted longer than 5 minutes in 23 patients (40%) and were frequently recurrent: 33 (57%) had 2 to 10 seizures and 11 (19%) had more than 10. Among 109 patients with 1-year follow-up, 11 (10%) had active epilepsy. For each year younger, active epilepsy was 20% more likely (odds ratio [OR] 0.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6–0.99, p=0.041). Prolonged or recurrent acute seizures also increased epilepsy risk. Each additional 10 minutes of the longest acute seizure increased epilepsy risk fivefold (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.7–13). Patients with more than 10 acute seizures had a 30-fold increased epilepsy risk (OR 30, 95% CI 2.9–305). Interpretation: Pediatric stroke survivors, especially younger children, have a high risk of epilepsy 1 year after stroke. Prolonged or recurrent acute seizures increase epilepsy risk in a dose-dependent manner.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology