Background and purpose: Fascicular targeting of longitudinal intrafascicular electrode (FAST-LIFE) interface enables hand dexterity with exogenous electrical microstimulation for sensory restoration, custom neural recording hardware, and deep learning–based artificial intelligence for motor intent decoding. The purpose of this technical report from a prospective pilot study was to illustrate magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) mapping of hand and nerve anatomy in amputees and incremental value of MRN over electrophysiology findings in pre-surgical planning of FAST-LIFE interface (robotic hand) patients. Materials and methods: After obtaining informed consent, patients with upper extremity amputations underwent pre-operative 3-T MRN, X-rays, and electrophysiology. MRN findings were correlated with electrophysiology reports. Descriptive statistics were performed. Results: Five patients of ages 21–59 years exhibited 3/5 partial hand amputations, and 2/5 transradial amputations on X-rays. The median and ulnar nerve end bulb neuromas measured 10.1 ± 3.04 mm (range: 5.5–14 mm, median: 10.5 mm) and 10.9 ± 7.64 mm (2–22 mm, 9.75 mm), respectively. The ADC of median and ulnar nerves were increased at 1.64 ± 0.1 × 10−3 mm2/s (range: 1.5–1.8, median: 1.64 × 10−3 mm2/s) and 1.70 ± 0.17 × 10−3 mm2/s (1.49–1.98 × 10−3 mm2/s, 1.65 × 10−3 mm2/s), respectively. Other identified lesions were neuromas of superficial branch of the radial nerve and anterior interosseous nerve. On electrophysiology, 2/5 reports were unremarkable, 2/5 showed mixed motor-sensory neuropathies of median and ulnar nerves along with radial sensory neuropathy, and 1/5 showed sensory neuropathy of lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm. All patients regained naturalistic sensations and motor control of digits. Conclusion: 3-T MRN allows excellent demonstration of forearm and hand nerve anatomy, altered diffusion characteristics, and their neuromas despite unremarkable electrophysiology for pre-surgical planning of the FAST-LIFE (robotic hand) interfaces.
- MR neurography
- Upper extremity amputation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging