Objective: Psychiatric symptoms may be associated with increased asthma morbidity and mortality. However, no investigations have identified syndromal psychiatric diagnoses in asthma patients using current diagnostic criteria or examined treatment received for mental illness. Method: We conducted structured clinical interviews on 32 patients with moderate to severe asthma to identify current and past psychiatric illness. Results. Twenty-five percent of subjects had current major depressive disorder, but only 25 percent of these received antidepressants. Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder (16 percent), and social (13 percent) and specific phobias (28 percent) were also common. All subjects with panic disorder Were receiving appropriate therapy. Conclusions: Asthma patients with moderate to severe asthma treated at community health facilities may have high rates of often untreated mood and anxiety disorders. Interventions aimed at identifying and treating psychiatric disorders in this population are needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health