A method is presented to measure the absolute concentration of intracellular Na+ ([Na+](i)) in vivo by using interleaved 23Na- and 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and TmDOTP5- as shift reagent and chemical marker of tissue extracellular space (ECS). The technique was used to determine [Na+](i) and relative ECS in livers of control rats (21 ± 3 and 0.11 ± 0.02 mM, respectively) and in rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride (103 ± 29 and 0.23 ± 0.03 mM, respectively). The NMR measurements were confirmed independently on excised tissue samples by using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results confirm that TmDOTP5- can be used as a combined cation shift reagent and ECS marker, thereby allowing quantitation of [Na+](i) in vivo by NMR.
- Atomic absorption spectrometry
- Nuclear magnetic resonance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)