Radiologically guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the liver: Retrospective study of 119 cases evaluating diagnostic effectiveness and clinical complications

Ziwen Guo, Daniel F.I. Kurtycz, Riad Salem, Luis E. De Las Casas, James G. Caya, H. Daniel Hoerl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We reviewed 119 percutaneous, radiologically guided fine-needle aspirations (FNA) from 114 patients with liver masses to evaluate diagnostic effectiveness and complications of this procedure. Satisfactory material was obtained in 118 cases (99%), of which 78 were diagnosed as positive (66%), three suspicious (2%), five atypical (4%), and 32 (27%) as negative for malignancy. Compared to surgical biopsy (48 cases) and clinical data, the sensitivity and specificity of FNA for malignancy was 95.1% and 100%, respectively, yielding a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 88.8%. Four cytology cases (3.4%) were false-negatives (FN); all were interpretive errors. Four FN surgical biopsies (8.3%) were sampling errors. Minor complications occurred in three cases (2.5%). We conclude that FNA is safe and effective for determining the malignant potential of liver masses and should be the procedure of choice. Our experience suggests that having a pathologist present in the radiology suite provides optimal patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalDiagnostic cytopathology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biopsy
  • Complications
  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • Liver
  • Neoplasms
  • On-site assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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