Rare Complete Hydatidiform Mole With p57 Expression in Villous Mesenchyme: Case Report and Review of Discordant p57 Expression in Hydatidiform Moles

Kathleen M. Murphy, Kelley Carrick, Katja Gwin, Vanessa Rogers, Prasad Koduru, Brigitte M. Ronnett, Diego H. Castrillon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a premalignant proliferative disease of the placenta characterized by misexpression of imprinted gene products, most notably p57. The majority of CHM exhibit immunohistochemical absence of p57 protein in villous mesenchyme (VM) and cytotrophoblast (CT) and are thus p57 VM/CT concordant. However, some gestations show loss of p57 in only VM or CT, either in all chorionic villi or a subset thereof (VM/CT discordant). Here, we present a rare case of a p57 VM/CT-discordant CHM with diffuse retention of p57 expression in VM but complete absence in CT. Histologically, the case exhibited typical features of CHM including trophoblast hyperplasia and severe nuclear atypia, but was unusual in the presence of gestational membranes identified ultrasonographically and histologically. Ploidy determination by FISH and genotyping by short tandem repeat analyses showed that this was a diploid gestation with variable allelic ratios and with an androgenetic lineage, similar to previously reported p57 VM/CT-discordant cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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