Objective: This study assessed the rate of major adverse renal or cardiac events (MARCE) when iohexol is used during interventional cardiovascular procedures compared to other low osmolar contrast media (LOCMs). Background: Interventional cardiovascular procedures are often essential for diagnosis and treatment, the risk of MARCE should be considered. Methods: Data were derived from the Premier Hospital Database January 1, 2010 through September 30, 2015. Patient encounters with an inpatient primary interventional cardiovascular procedure with a single LOCM (iohexol, ioversol, ioxilan, ioxaglate, or iopamidol) were included. The primary outcome was a composite endpoint of MARCE, which included: renal failure with dialysis, acute kidney injury (AKI) with or without dialysis, contrast induced AKI, acute myocardial infarction, angina, stent occlusion/thrombosis, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or death. Multivariable regression analysis was performed using the hospital fixed-effects specification to assess the relationship between MARCE and iohexol compared to other LOCMs, while controlling for patient demographics, comorbid conditions and reason for hospitalization. As a sensitivity analysis, direct comparisons of iohexol were made to other LOCMs. Results: A total of 458,091 inpatient encounters met inclusion criteria of which 26% used iohexol and 74% used other LOCMs. Results of multivariable modeling revealed no differences in MARCE rates between iohexol and other LOCMs. When direct comparisons of iohexol vs. ioversol and iopamidol were modeled, no differences in MARCE nor the renal component of MARCE were found. Conclusions: In this retrospective multicenter study, there were no differences in MARCE events with iohexol compared to other LOCMs during inpatient interventional cardiovascular procedures.
- comparative effectiveness/patient centered outcomes research
- contrast agents
- percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine