Recycling of dolichyl monophosphate to the cytoplasmic leaflet of the endoplasmic reticulum after the cleavage of dolichyl pyrophosphate on the lumenal monolayer

Jeffrey S. Rush, Ningguo Gao, Mark A. Lehrman, Charles J. Waechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During protein N-glycosylation, dolichyl pyrophosphate (Dol-P-P) is discharged in the lumenal monolayer of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Dol-P-P is then cleaved to Dol-P by Dol-P-P phosphatase (DPPase). Studies with the yeast mutant cwh8Δ, lacking DPPase activity, indicate that recycling of Dol-P produced by DPPase contributes significantly to the pool of Dol-P utilized for lipid intermediate biosynthesis on the cytoplasmic leaflet. Whether Dol-P formed in the lumen diffuses directly back to the cytoplasmic leaflet or is first dephosphorylated to dolichol has not been determined. Incubation of sealed ER vesicles from calf brain with acetyl-Asn-Tyr-Thr-NH2, an N-glycosylatable peptide, to generate Dol-P-P in the lumenal monolayer produced corresponding increases in the rates of Man-P-Dol, Glc-P-Dol, and GlcNAc-P-P-Dol synthesis in the absence of CTP. No changes in dolichol kinase activity were observed. When streptolysin-O permeabilized CHO cells were incubated with an acceptor peptide, N-glycopeptide synthesis, requiring multiple cycles of the dolichol pathway, occurred in the absence of CTP. The results obtained with sealed microsomes and CHO cells indicate that Dol-P, formed from Dol-P-P, returns to the cytoplasmic leaflet where it can be reutilized for lipid intermediate biosynthesis, and dolichol kinase is not required for recycling. It is possible that the flip-flopping of the carrier lipid is mediated by a flippase, which would provide a mechanism for the recycling of Dol-P derived from Man-P-Dol-mediated reactions in N-, O-, and C-mannosylation of proteins, GPI anchor assembly, and the three Glc-P-Dol-mediated reactions in Glc 3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol (DLO) biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4087-4093
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2008

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Recycling
dolichol kinase
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Monolayers
Biosynthesis
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Dolichol
Cytidine Triphosphate
dolichyl-phosphatase
CHO Cells
Lipids
Glycosylation
Peptides
Glycopeptides
Microsomes
Protein C
Anchors
Yeast
Brain
Yeasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Recycling of dolichyl monophosphate to the cytoplasmic leaflet of the endoplasmic reticulum after the cleavage of dolichyl pyrophosphate on the lumenal monolayer. / Rush, Jeffrey S.; Gao, Ningguo; Lehrman, Mark A.; Waechter, Charles J.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 283, No. 7, 15.02.2008, p. 4087-4093.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "During protein N-glycosylation, dolichyl pyrophosphate (Dol-P-P) is discharged in the lumenal monolayer of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Dol-P-P is then cleaved to Dol-P by Dol-P-P phosphatase (DPPase). Studies with the yeast mutant cwh8Δ, lacking DPPase activity, indicate that recycling of Dol-P produced by DPPase contributes significantly to the pool of Dol-P utilized for lipid intermediate biosynthesis on the cytoplasmic leaflet. Whether Dol-P formed in the lumen diffuses directly back to the cytoplasmic leaflet or is first dephosphorylated to dolichol has not been determined. Incubation of sealed ER vesicles from calf brain with acetyl-Asn-Tyr-Thr-NH2, an N-glycosylatable peptide, to generate Dol-P-P in the lumenal monolayer produced corresponding increases in the rates of Man-P-Dol, Glc-P-Dol, and GlcNAc-P-P-Dol synthesis in the absence of CTP. No changes in dolichol kinase activity were observed. When streptolysin-O permeabilized CHO cells were incubated with an acceptor peptide, N-glycopeptide synthesis, requiring multiple cycles of the dolichol pathway, occurred in the absence of CTP. The results obtained with sealed microsomes and CHO cells indicate that Dol-P, formed from Dol-P-P, returns to the cytoplasmic leaflet where it can be reutilized for lipid intermediate biosynthesis, and dolichol kinase is not required for recycling. It is possible that the flip-flopping of the carrier lipid is mediated by a flippase, which would provide a mechanism for the recycling of Dol-P derived from Man-P-Dol-mediated reactions in N-, O-, and C-mannosylation of proteins, GPI anchor assembly, and the three Glc-P-Dol-mediated reactions in Glc 3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol (DLO) biosynthesis.",
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