Registration of micro-PET and high resolution MR images of mice for monitoring photodynamic therapy

Baowei Fei, Raymond F. Muzic, Zhenghong Lee, Chris A. Flask, Rachel L. Morris, Jeffery L. Duerk, Nancy Oleinick, David L. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We are investigating imaging techniques to study the rapid biochemical and physiological response of tumors to photodynamic therapy (PDT). Positron emission tomography (PET) can provide physiological and functional images of cancers. While MRI can provide high resolution anatomical images and generate serial, noninvasive, in vivo observations of morphological changes. In this study, we investigate image registration methods to combine MRI and micro-PET (μPET) images for improved tumor monitoring. We acquired high resolution MR and PET 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) images from mice with RIF-1 tumors. We used rigid body registration with three translations and three angular variables. We used normalized mutual information as the similarity measure. To assess the quality of registration, we performed slice by slice review of both image volumes, manually segmented feature organs such as the left and right kidneys and the bladder in each slice, and computed the distance between corresponding centroids of the organs. We also used visual inspection techniques such as color overlay displays. Over 40 volume registration experiments were performed with MR and μPET images acquired from three C3H mice. The color overlays showed that the MR images and the PET images matched well. The distance between corresponding centroids of organs was 1.5 ± 0.4 mm which is about 2 pixels of μPET. In conclusion, registration of high resolution MR and μPET images of mice may be useful to combine anatomical and functional information that could be used for the potential application in photodynamic therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
EventMedical Imaging 2004: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2004Feb 17 2004


  • Cancers
  • Image registration
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Micro-PET (μPET)
  • Mutual information
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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