Regulation of oxidative stress by the anti-aging hormone klotho

Masaya Yamamoto, Jeremy D. Clark, Johanne V. Pastor, Prem Gurnani, Animesh Nandi, Hiroshi Kurosu, Masayoshi Miyoshi, Yasushi Ogawa, Diego H. Castrillon, Kevin P. Rosenblatt, Makoto Kuro-O

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

413 Scopus citations

Abstract

klotho is an aging suppressor gene and extends life span when overexpressed in mice. Klotho protein was recently demonstrated to function as a hormone that inhibits insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling. Here we show that Klotho protein increases resistance to oxidative stress at the cellular and organismal level in mammals. Klotho protein activates the FoxO forkhead transcription factors that are negatively regulated by insulin/IGF-1 signaling, thereby inducing expression of manganese superoxide dismutase. This in turn facilitates removal of reactive oxygen species and confers oxidative stress resistance. Thus, Klotho-induced inhibition of insulin/IGF-1 signaling is associated with increased resistance to oxidative stress, which potentially contributes to the anti-aging properties of klotho.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38029-38034
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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