Cellular mechanisms for the regulation of Ca2+-dependent myosin light chain phosphorylation were investigated in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Increases in the free intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)), light chain phosphorylation, and force were proportional to carbachol concentration. K(CaM), the concentration of Ca2+/calmodulin required for half-maximal activation of myosin light chain kinase, also increased proportionally, presumably due to Ca2+-dependent phosphorylation of the kinase. Isoproterenol treatment inhibited agonist-induced contraction by decreasing [Ca2+](i) and thereby light chain phosphorylation. Depolarization by increasing concentrations of KCl also resulted in proportional increases in [Ca2+](i), K(CaM), light chain phosphorylation, and force. However, the [Ca2+](i) required to obtain a given value of either light chain phosphorylation or K(CaM) was greater in KCl-depolarized tissues compared to carbachol-treated tissues. In muscles contracted with KCl, isoproterenol treatment resulted in diminished light chain phosphorylation and force without alterations in [Ca2+](i) or K(CaM). Thus, isoproterenol inhibition of KCl-induced contraction results from a cellular mechanism different from that found in agonist-induced contraction. In neither case does isoproterenol produce relaxation by altering the calmodulin activation properties of myosin light chain kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology