Cellular mechanisms for the regulation of Ca2+-dependent myosin light chain phosphorylation were investigated in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Increases in the free intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), light chain phosphorylation, and force were proportional to carbachol concentration. KCaM, the concentration of Ca2+/calmodulin required for half-maximal activation of myosin light chain kinase, also increased proportionally, presumably due to Ca2+-dependent phosphorylation of the kinase. Isoproterenol treatment inhibited agonist-induced contraction by decreasing [Ca2+]i and thereby light chain phosphorylation. Depolarization by increasing concentrations of KCl also resulted in proportional increases in [Ca2+]i, KCaM, light chain phosphorylation, and force. However, the [Ca2+]i required to obtain a given value of either light chain phosphorylation or KCaM was greater in KCl-depolarized tissues compared to carbachol-treated tissues. In muscles contracted with KCl, isoproterenol treatment resulted in diminished light chain phosphorylation and force without alterations in [Ca2+]i- or KCaM. Thus, isoproterenol inhibition of KCl-induced contraction results from a cellular mechanism different from that found in agonist-induced contraction. In neither case does isoproterenol produce relaxation by altering the calmodulin activation properties of myosin light chain kinase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1992|
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