The capacity of synoviocytes to participate in inflammatory responses may be altered by the cytokine-enhanced expression of adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). To examine this possibility, the ability of selected cytokines to enhance ICAM-1 expression was examined. The data indicated that each of these cytokines (interleukin-1β > tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ ≫ interleukin-6) can up-regulate synoviocyte ICAM-1 expression. This can potentially increase the ability of these cells to interact with infiltrating inflammatory cells, thereby propagating immunologically mediated inflammation such as occurs in rheumatoid synovitis.
- Synovial membrane
- cell-adhesion molecules
- rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine