The influence on mechanical properties of changes in resting tension over a range from 0.5 to 4.5 g was investigated in 12 isolated cat papillary muscles. At each resting tension, the muscles contracted isometrically with the exception of an externally applied sinusoidal stretch of 0.5% Lmax (deltaL) and 20 Hz. Stiffness (deltaT/deltaL) was determined from deltaL and the peak amplitudes (deltaT) of the individual cycles from the sinusoidal component of tension. Assuming that the muscle and experimental apparatus behaved as a linear second-order mechanical system, it was possible to divide stiffness into its elastic and viscous components. During rest, total stiffness and its components were linearly related to tension. During contraction, stiffness and its elastic component were linearly related to tension. Furthermore, increasing resting tension increased the intercept and decreased the slope of this linear stiffness-tension relationship. The relationship between viscous stiffness and tension during contraction is more complex in that it is a direct relationship at low resting tensions, but an inverse one at high resting tensions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)