Renal imaging: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract

Bruce J. Schlomer, Ronald A. Cohen, Laurence S. Baskin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) account for up to 30 % of all congenital anomalies diagnosed (Schedl A. Nat Rev Genet 8(10):791-802, 2007). These anomalies are often prenatal diagnoses by screening prenatal ultrasound, but can present in childhood or adolescence with a urinary tract infection (UTI) and less commonly with pain. CAKUT diseases are responsible for around 50 % of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in children in North America (Harambat J, van Stralen KJ, Kim JJ, Tizard EJ. Pediatr Nephrol 27(3):363-373, 2012). In this chapter we will discuss the relevant embryology, the scope of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), the approach to prenatal diagnosis and imaging of fetuses with CAKUT, and the approach to postnatal diagnosis and imaging of children with CAKUT. More time will be allotted to the more common congenital anomalies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric and Adolescent Urologic Imaging
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages155-198
Number of pages44
ISBN (Print)9781461486541, 146148653X, 9781461486534
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Schlomer, B. J., Cohen, R. A., & Baskin, L. S. (2013). Renal imaging: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. In Pediatric and Adolescent Urologic Imaging (pp. 155-198). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8654-1_9