A previously healthy 44-year-old woman presented with 3 days of worsening petechial rash, epistaxis and fatigue. Admission labs revealed pancytopenia, low reticulocyte index and elevated liver enzymes. Bone marrow biopsy demonstrated a profoundly hypocellular bone marrow without dysplasia and additional testing demonstrated an acute hepatitis B infection. In the context of an acute hepatitis B infection, elevated liver enzymes and aplastic anaemia, our patient was diagnosed with severe hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia due to an acute hepatitis B infection. She was initiated on antiviral therapy with tenofovir and briefly received immunosuppressive therapy with a robust sustained improvement in her blood counts. Acute hepatitis B-associated aplastic anaemia is an exceptionally rare presentation of aplastic anaemia. We present acute hepatitis B-associated aplastic anaemia that resolved with antiviral therapy, which to our knowledge is the second such case reported in the literature and the first using tenofovir.
- haematology (drugs and medicines)
- hepatitis (sexual health)
- hepatitis and other gi infections
- hepatitis b
- malignant and benign haematology
ASJC Scopus subject areas