Mounting evidence suggests that amyloid-β (Aβ) and vascular etiologies are intertwined in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signals, measured by resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI), are associated with neuronal activity and cerebrovascular hemodynamics. Nevertheless, it is unclear if BOLD fluctuations are associated with Aβ deposition in individuals at high risk of AD. Thirty-three patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment underwent rs-fMRI and AV45 PET. The AV45 standardized uptake value ratio (AV45-SUVR) was calculated using cerebral white matter as reference, to assess Aβ deposition. The whole-brain normalized amplitudes of low-frequency fluctuations (sALFF) of local BOLD signals were calculated in the frequency band of 0.01–0.08 Hz. Stepwise increasing physiological/vascular signal regressions on the rs-fMRI data examined whether sALFF-AV45 correlations were driven by vascular hemodynamics, neuronal activities, or both. We found that sALFF and AV45-SUVR were negatively correlated in regions of default-mode and visual networks (precuneus, angular, lingual and fusiform gyri). Regions with higher sALFF had less Aβ accumulation. Correlated cluster sizes in MNI space (r ≈ −0.47) were reduced from 3018 mm3 to 1072 mm3 with stronger cardiovascular regression. These preliminary findings imply that local brain blood fluctuations due to vascular hemodynamics or neuronal activity can affect Aβ homeostasis.
- resting-state fMRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine