Review: Increasing awareness and education on health disparities for health care providers

Shawna Nesbitt, Rigo Estevan Palomarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The focus of this review is to highlight health care disparities and trends in several common diseases in selected populations while offering evidence-based approaches to mitigating health care disparities. Health care disparities cross many barriers and affect multiple populations and diseases. Ethnic minorities, the elderly, and those of lower socioeconomic status (SES) are more at-risk than others. However, many low SES Whites and higher SES racial minorities have poorer health than their racial or SES peers. Also, recent immigrant groups and Hispanics, in particular, maintain high health ratings. The so-called Hispanic Paradox provides an example of how culture and social background can be used to improve health outcomes. These groups have unique determinants of disparity that are based on a wide range of cultural and societal factors. Providing improved access to care and reducing the social determinants of disparity is crucial to improving public health. At the same time, for providers, increasing an understanding of the social determinants promotes better models of individualized care to encourage more equitable care. These approaches include increasing provider education on disparities encountered by different populations, practicing active listening skills, and utilizing a patient's cultural background to promote healthy behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-190
Number of pages10
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Food Desert
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Racial, Hispanic Paradox

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

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