Background Hepatic arterial anomalies (HAAs) are not infrequently encountered during pancreatic resections. In view of the current emergence of the robotic platform as a safe alternative to open surgery in experienced centres, this study sought to determine the implications of HAAs on the safety and oncologic outcomes of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD). Methods A prospectively maintained database of patients with HAAs who underwent RPD (RPD + HAA) at a single institution between 2008 and 2013 was retrospectively reviewed. Demographic information and perioperative outcomes of RPD were compared for patients with and without HAAs. Results A total of 142 patients underwent RPD; 112 (78.9%) did not have and 30 (21.1%) did have HAAs. The majority (90.0%) of RPDs in patients with HAAs were performed for malignant indications and all aberrant vessels were preserved without conversion to laparotomy. There were no statistically significant differences between RPD patients with and without HAAs with respect to preoperative demographics, tumour characteristics, operative metrics (operative time, estimated blood loss, conversion) and postoperative outcomes, including complications, length of stay and readmissions. Negative margin (R0) rates were similar in both groups. Conclusions Robot-assisted pancreaticoduodenectomy is safe and feasible in patients with HAAs and has outcomes similar to those in patients with normal arterial anatomy.
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