Role of Arg-277 in the binding of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase

Andrei L. Osterman, Harold B. Brooks, Jose Rizo-Rey, Margaret A Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) binding site in Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis and spectroscopy. The β/α barrel model proposed for the eukaryotic ODC structure predicts that the phosphate group of PLP is stabilized by interactions with a Gly-rich loop (residues 235-237) and by a salt bridge to Arg-277 [Grishin, N. V., Phillips, M. A., and Goldsmith, E. J. (1995) Protein Sci. 4, 1291-1304]. Mutation of Arg-277 to Ala increases the K(m) for PLP by 270-fold compared to that of wild-type ODC while reducing k(cat) by only 2- fold at pH 8. PLP binding affinity was measured directly by ultrafiltration; the K(d) for PLP is at least 20-fold higher in the mutant enzyme at pH 8. In addition, R277A ODC also has weaker binding affinities for a series of cofactor analogs than the wild-type enzyme. These results demonstrate that Arg-277 is necessary for high-affinity PLP binding by ODC. The 31P NMR spectra of ODC suggest that the phosphate is bound in a strained conformation as a dianion to both wild-type and R277A ODC. However, the 31P chemical shift for R277A ODC (6.7 ppm) is 0.5 ppm downfield from that observed for the wild-type enzyme, indicating that the environment of the enzyme-bound phosphate is altered in the mutant enzyme. The binding affinity of PLP for both wild-type and R277A ODC is weaker at high pH, corresponding to the titration of a protonated species with a pK(a) of approximately 8.5. Concomitant with these changes are a decreased k(cat) and an altered absorption spectra which arises from bound PLP. PLP bound to wild-type ODC has a 31P chemical shift and a CD signal observable over the entire tested pH range (7-9). In contrast, for R277A ODC between pH 8 and 9, the 31P chemical shift becomes solution-like and the CD signal is abolished. The data suggest that for R277A ODC the rigid PLP binding mode which characterizes the wild-type enzyme is lost at high pH. Thus, multiple interactions between the wild-type active site and PLP maintain the cofactor in a constrained conformation that is essential for efficient catalysis, tempering the consequence of the removal of any single interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4558-4567
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume36
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 1997

Fingerprint

Trypanosoma brucei brucei
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Ornithine Decarboxylase
Chemical shift
Enzymes
Phosphates
Conformations
Mutagenesis
Ultrafiltration
Tempering
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Catalysis
Titration
Absorption spectra
Catalytic Domain
Spectrum Analysis
Salts
Binding Sites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Role of Arg-277 in the binding of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase. / Osterman, Andrei L.; Brooks, Harold B.; Rizo-Rey, Jose; Phillips, Margaret A.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 36, No. 15, 15.04.1997, p. 4558-4567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0be13645bb5b419dba429f459b1f546b,
title = "Role of Arg-277 in the binding of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase",
abstract = "The pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) binding site in Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis and spectroscopy. The β/α barrel model proposed for the eukaryotic ODC structure predicts that the phosphate group of PLP is stabilized by interactions with a Gly-rich loop (residues 235-237) and by a salt bridge to Arg-277 [Grishin, N. V., Phillips, M. A., and Goldsmith, E. J. (1995) Protein Sci. 4, 1291-1304]. Mutation of Arg-277 to Ala increases the K(m) for PLP by 270-fold compared to that of wild-type ODC while reducing k(cat) by only 2- fold at pH 8. PLP binding affinity was measured directly by ultrafiltration; the K(d) for PLP is at least 20-fold higher in the mutant enzyme at pH 8. In addition, R277A ODC also has weaker binding affinities for a series of cofactor analogs than the wild-type enzyme. These results demonstrate that Arg-277 is necessary for high-affinity PLP binding by ODC. The 31P NMR spectra of ODC suggest that the phosphate is bound in a strained conformation as a dianion to both wild-type and R277A ODC. However, the 31P chemical shift for R277A ODC (6.7 ppm) is 0.5 ppm downfield from that observed for the wild-type enzyme, indicating that the environment of the enzyme-bound phosphate is altered in the mutant enzyme. The binding affinity of PLP for both wild-type and R277A ODC is weaker at high pH, corresponding to the titration of a protonated species with a pK(a) of approximately 8.5. Concomitant with these changes are a decreased k(cat) and an altered absorption spectra which arises from bound PLP. PLP bound to wild-type ODC has a 31P chemical shift and a CD signal observable over the entire tested pH range (7-9). In contrast, for R277A ODC between pH 8 and 9, the 31P chemical shift becomes solution-like and the CD signal is abolished. The data suggest that for R277A ODC the rigid PLP binding mode which characterizes the wild-type enzyme is lost at high pH. Thus, multiple interactions between the wild-type active site and PLP maintain the cofactor in a constrained conformation that is essential for efficient catalysis, tempering the consequence of the removal of any single interaction.",
author = "Osterman, {Andrei L.} and Brooks, {Harold B.} and Jose Rizo-Rey and Phillips, {Margaret A}",
year = "1997",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/bi962916h",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "4558--4567",
journal = "Biochemistry",
issn = "0006-2960",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of Arg-277 in the binding of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase

AU - Osterman, Andrei L.

AU - Brooks, Harold B.

AU - Rizo-Rey, Jose

AU - Phillips, Margaret A

PY - 1997/4/15

Y1 - 1997/4/15

N2 - The pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) binding site in Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis and spectroscopy. The β/α barrel model proposed for the eukaryotic ODC structure predicts that the phosphate group of PLP is stabilized by interactions with a Gly-rich loop (residues 235-237) and by a salt bridge to Arg-277 [Grishin, N. V., Phillips, M. A., and Goldsmith, E. J. (1995) Protein Sci. 4, 1291-1304]. Mutation of Arg-277 to Ala increases the K(m) for PLP by 270-fold compared to that of wild-type ODC while reducing k(cat) by only 2- fold at pH 8. PLP binding affinity was measured directly by ultrafiltration; the K(d) for PLP is at least 20-fold higher in the mutant enzyme at pH 8. In addition, R277A ODC also has weaker binding affinities for a series of cofactor analogs than the wild-type enzyme. These results demonstrate that Arg-277 is necessary for high-affinity PLP binding by ODC. The 31P NMR spectra of ODC suggest that the phosphate is bound in a strained conformation as a dianion to both wild-type and R277A ODC. However, the 31P chemical shift for R277A ODC (6.7 ppm) is 0.5 ppm downfield from that observed for the wild-type enzyme, indicating that the environment of the enzyme-bound phosphate is altered in the mutant enzyme. The binding affinity of PLP for both wild-type and R277A ODC is weaker at high pH, corresponding to the titration of a protonated species with a pK(a) of approximately 8.5. Concomitant with these changes are a decreased k(cat) and an altered absorption spectra which arises from bound PLP. PLP bound to wild-type ODC has a 31P chemical shift and a CD signal observable over the entire tested pH range (7-9). In contrast, for R277A ODC between pH 8 and 9, the 31P chemical shift becomes solution-like and the CD signal is abolished. The data suggest that for R277A ODC the rigid PLP binding mode which characterizes the wild-type enzyme is lost at high pH. Thus, multiple interactions between the wild-type active site and PLP maintain the cofactor in a constrained conformation that is essential for efficient catalysis, tempering the consequence of the removal of any single interaction.

AB - The pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) binding site in Trypanosoma brucei ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) has been studied by site-directed mutagenesis and spectroscopy. The β/α barrel model proposed for the eukaryotic ODC structure predicts that the phosphate group of PLP is stabilized by interactions with a Gly-rich loop (residues 235-237) and by a salt bridge to Arg-277 [Grishin, N. V., Phillips, M. A., and Goldsmith, E. J. (1995) Protein Sci. 4, 1291-1304]. Mutation of Arg-277 to Ala increases the K(m) for PLP by 270-fold compared to that of wild-type ODC while reducing k(cat) by only 2- fold at pH 8. PLP binding affinity was measured directly by ultrafiltration; the K(d) for PLP is at least 20-fold higher in the mutant enzyme at pH 8. In addition, R277A ODC also has weaker binding affinities for a series of cofactor analogs than the wild-type enzyme. These results demonstrate that Arg-277 is necessary for high-affinity PLP binding by ODC. The 31P NMR spectra of ODC suggest that the phosphate is bound in a strained conformation as a dianion to both wild-type and R277A ODC. However, the 31P chemical shift for R277A ODC (6.7 ppm) is 0.5 ppm downfield from that observed for the wild-type enzyme, indicating that the environment of the enzyme-bound phosphate is altered in the mutant enzyme. The binding affinity of PLP for both wild-type and R277A ODC is weaker at high pH, corresponding to the titration of a protonated species with a pK(a) of approximately 8.5. Concomitant with these changes are a decreased k(cat) and an altered absorption spectra which arises from bound PLP. PLP bound to wild-type ODC has a 31P chemical shift and a CD signal observable over the entire tested pH range (7-9). In contrast, for R277A ODC between pH 8 and 9, the 31P chemical shift becomes solution-like and the CD signal is abolished. The data suggest that for R277A ODC the rigid PLP binding mode which characterizes the wild-type enzyme is lost at high pH. Thus, multiple interactions between the wild-type active site and PLP maintain the cofactor in a constrained conformation that is essential for efficient catalysis, tempering the consequence of the removal of any single interaction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030887831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030887831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/bi962916h

DO - 10.1021/bi962916h

M3 - Article

C2 - 9109665

AN - SCOPUS:0030887831

VL - 36

SP - 4558

EP - 4567

JO - Biochemistry

JF - Biochemistry

SN - 0006-2960

IS - 15

ER -