Role of parathyroid hormone in Klotho-FGF23 system

Takaaki Kimura, Kazuhiro Shiizaki, Makoto Kuro-O

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Klotho was originally identified as an anti-aging gene that accelerated aging when disrupted and extended life span when overexpressed in mice. The Klotho gene encodes a single-pass transmembrane protein and is expressed in the kidney and parathyroid gland. Klotho protein functions as an obligate subunit of the receptor for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). FGF23 is a hormone secreted from osteocytes and osteoblasts and acts on renal tubular cells to promote phosphate excretion into the urine and suppress synthesis of active form of vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3;1,25(OH)(2)D(3)). Decreased Klotho expression due to the kidney damage including CKD might increase the circulating level of FGF23 and trigger disturbed mineral-bone metabolism, leading to CKD-MBD. Characteristic features of CKD-MBD including hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and decreased serum 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) can be explained by (mal) adaptation of the Klotho-FGF23 system, which also contributes to the pathophysiology of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). In addition to its function as a receptor for FGF23, the extracellular domain of Klotho is secreted by ectodomain shedding and functions as a humoral factor that regulates multiple ion channels and transporters. Thus, Klotho has emerged as a key regulator of mineral metabolism in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-866
Number of pages8
JournalClinical calcium
Volume26
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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