Role of phospholipase C and diacylglyceride lipase pathway in arachidonic acid release and acetylcholine-induced vascular relaxation in rabbit aorta

Xin Tang, Erik M. Edwards, Blythe B. Holmes, J R Falck, William B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ACh stimulates arachidonic acid (AA) release from membrane phospholipids of vascular endothelial cells (ECs). In rabbit aorta, AA is metabolized through the 15-lipoxygenase pathway to form vasodilatory eicosanoids 15-hydroxy-11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (HEETA) and 11,12,15- trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (THETA). AA is released from phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by phospholipase A2 (PLA 2), or from phosphatidylinositol (PI) by phospholipase C (PLC) pathway. The diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase can convert DAG into 2-arachidonoylglycerol from which free AA can be released by monoacylglycerol (MAG) lipase or fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH). We used specific inhibitors to determine the involvement of the PLC pathway in ACh-induced AA release. In rabbit aortic rings precontracted by phenylephrine, ACh induced relaxation in the presence of indomethacin and Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA). These relaxations were blocked by the PLC inhibitor U-73122, DAG lipase inhibitor RHC-80267, and MAG lipase/FAAH inhibitor URB-532. Cultured rabbit aortic ECs were labeled with [14C]AA and stimulated with methacholine (10-5 M). Free [14C]AA was released by methacholine. Methacholine decreased the [14C]AA content of PI, DAG, and MAG fractions but not PC or PE fractions. Methacholine-induced release of [ 14C]AA was blocked by U-73122, RHC-80267, and URB-532 but not by U-73343, an inactive analog of U-73122. The data suggested that ACh activates PLC, DAG lipase, and MAG lipase pathway to release AA from membrane lipids. This pathway is important in regulating vasodilatory eicosanoid synthesis and vascular relaxation in rabbit aorta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume290
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

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Type C Phospholipases
Lipase
Arachidonic Acid
Acetylcholine
Blood Vessels
Aorta
Rabbits
Monoacylglycerol Lipases
Methacholine Chloride
Lipoprotein Lipase
Amidohydrolases
Eicosanoids
Diglycerides
Phosphatidylinositols
Phosphatidylcholines
Fatty Acids
Endothelial Cells
Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase
Monoglycerides
Phospholipases A2

Keywords

  • Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizing factor
  • Hydroxyepoxyeicosatrienoic acid
  • Monoacylglycerol lipase
  • Phospholipid
  • Trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Role of phospholipase C and diacylglyceride lipase pathway in arachidonic acid release and acetylcholine-induced vascular relaxation in rabbit aorta. / Tang, Xin; Edwards, Erik M.; Holmes, Blythe B.; Falck, J R; Campbell, William B.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 290, No. 1, 01.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Campbell, William B.

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N2 - ACh stimulates arachidonic acid (AA) release from membrane phospholipids of vascular endothelial cells (ECs). In rabbit aorta, AA is metabolized through the 15-lipoxygenase pathway to form vasodilatory eicosanoids 15-hydroxy-11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (HEETA) and 11,12,15- trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (THETA). AA is released from phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by phospholipase A2 (PLA 2), or from phosphatidylinositol (PI) by phospholipase C (PLC) pathway. The diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase can convert DAG into 2-arachidonoylglycerol from which free AA can be released by monoacylglycerol (MAG) lipase or fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH). We used specific inhibitors to determine the involvement of the PLC pathway in ACh-induced AA release. In rabbit aortic rings precontracted by phenylephrine, ACh induced relaxation in the presence of indomethacin and Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA). These relaxations were blocked by the PLC inhibitor U-73122, DAG lipase inhibitor RHC-80267, and MAG lipase/FAAH inhibitor URB-532. Cultured rabbit aortic ECs were labeled with [14C]AA and stimulated with methacholine (10-5 M). Free [14C]AA was released by methacholine. Methacholine decreased the [14C]AA content of PI, DAG, and MAG fractions but not PC or PE fractions. Methacholine-induced release of [ 14C]AA was blocked by U-73122, RHC-80267, and URB-532 but not by U-73343, an inactive analog of U-73122. The data suggested that ACh activates PLC, DAG lipase, and MAG lipase pathway to release AA from membrane lipids. This pathway is important in regulating vasodilatory eicosanoid synthesis and vascular relaxation in rabbit aorta.

AB - ACh stimulates arachidonic acid (AA) release from membrane phospholipids of vascular endothelial cells (ECs). In rabbit aorta, AA is metabolized through the 15-lipoxygenase pathway to form vasodilatory eicosanoids 15-hydroxy-11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (HEETA) and 11,12,15- trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (THETA). AA is released from phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by phospholipase A2 (PLA 2), or from phosphatidylinositol (PI) by phospholipase C (PLC) pathway. The diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase can convert DAG into 2-arachidonoylglycerol from which free AA can be released by monoacylglycerol (MAG) lipase or fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH). We used specific inhibitors to determine the involvement of the PLC pathway in ACh-induced AA release. In rabbit aortic rings precontracted by phenylephrine, ACh induced relaxation in the presence of indomethacin and Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA). These relaxations were blocked by the PLC inhibitor U-73122, DAG lipase inhibitor RHC-80267, and MAG lipase/FAAH inhibitor URB-532. Cultured rabbit aortic ECs were labeled with [14C]AA and stimulated with methacholine (10-5 M). Free [14C]AA was released by methacholine. Methacholine decreased the [14C]AA content of PI, DAG, and MAG fractions but not PC or PE fractions. Methacholine-induced release of [ 14C]AA was blocked by U-73122, RHC-80267, and URB-532 but not by U-73343, an inactive analog of U-73122. The data suggested that ACh activates PLC, DAG lipase, and MAG lipase pathway to release AA from membrane lipids. This pathway is important in regulating vasodilatory eicosanoid synthesis and vascular relaxation in rabbit aorta.

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KW - Trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid

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