Salt and nephrolithiasis

Andrea Ticinesi, Antonio Nouvenne, Naim M. Maalouf, Loris Borghi, Tiziana Meschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary sodium chloride intake is nowadays globally known as one of the major threats for cardiovascular health. However, there is also important evidence that it may influence idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis onset and recurrence. Higher salt intake has been associated with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, which are major risk factors for calcium stone formation. Dietary salt restriction can be an effective means for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis as well. Thus in this paper, we review the complex relationship between salt and nephrolithiasis, pointing out the difference between dietary sodium and salt intake and the best methods to assess them, highlighting the main findings of epidemiologic, laboratory and intervention studies and focusing on open issues such as the role of dietary salt in secondary causes of nephrolithiasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Nephrolithiasis
Salts
Dietary Sodium Chloride
Calcium
Dietary Sodium
Hypercalciuria
Secondary Prevention
Recurrence
Health

Keywords

  • hypercalciuria
  • nephrolithiasis
  • salt
  • urinary calcium
  • urinary sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Ticinesi, A., Nouvenne, A., Maalouf, N. M., Borghi, L., & Meschi, T. (2016). Salt and nephrolithiasis. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 31(1), 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfu243

Salt and nephrolithiasis. / Ticinesi, Andrea; Nouvenne, Antonio; Maalouf, Naim M.; Borghi, Loris; Meschi, Tiziana.

In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 39-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ticinesi, A, Nouvenne, A, Maalouf, NM, Borghi, L & Meschi, T 2016, 'Salt and nephrolithiasis', Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfu243
Ticinesi A, Nouvenne A, Maalouf NM, Borghi L, Meschi T. Salt and nephrolithiasis. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2016 Jan 1;31(1):39-45. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfu243
Ticinesi, Andrea ; Nouvenne, Antonio ; Maalouf, Naim M. ; Borghi, Loris ; Meschi, Tiziana. / Salt and nephrolithiasis. In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2016 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 39-45.
@article{6ddcf8a8ec9c43bcb29fd6a1b74a35a7,
title = "Salt and nephrolithiasis",
abstract = "Dietary sodium chloride intake is nowadays globally known as one of the major threats for cardiovascular health. However, there is also important evidence that it may influence idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis onset and recurrence. Higher salt intake has been associated with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, which are major risk factors for calcium stone formation. Dietary salt restriction can be an effective means for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis as well. Thus in this paper, we review the complex relationship between salt and nephrolithiasis, pointing out the difference between dietary sodium and salt intake and the best methods to assess them, highlighting the main findings of epidemiologic, laboratory and intervention studies and focusing on open issues such as the role of dietary salt in secondary causes of nephrolithiasis.",
keywords = "hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis, salt, urinary calcium, urinary sodium",
author = "Andrea Ticinesi and Antonio Nouvenne and Maalouf, {Naim M.} and Loris Borghi and Tiziana Meschi",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/ndt/gfu243",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "39--45",
journal = "Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation",
issn = "0931-0509",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Salt and nephrolithiasis

AU - Ticinesi, Andrea

AU - Nouvenne, Antonio

AU - Maalouf, Naim M.

AU - Borghi, Loris

AU - Meschi, Tiziana

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Dietary sodium chloride intake is nowadays globally known as one of the major threats for cardiovascular health. However, there is also important evidence that it may influence idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis onset and recurrence. Higher salt intake has been associated with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, which are major risk factors for calcium stone formation. Dietary salt restriction can be an effective means for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis as well. Thus in this paper, we review the complex relationship between salt and nephrolithiasis, pointing out the difference between dietary sodium and salt intake and the best methods to assess them, highlighting the main findings of epidemiologic, laboratory and intervention studies and focusing on open issues such as the role of dietary salt in secondary causes of nephrolithiasis.

AB - Dietary sodium chloride intake is nowadays globally known as one of the major threats for cardiovascular health. However, there is also important evidence that it may influence idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis onset and recurrence. Higher salt intake has been associated with hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, which are major risk factors for calcium stone formation. Dietary salt restriction can be an effective means for secondary prevention of nephrolithiasis as well. Thus in this paper, we review the complex relationship between salt and nephrolithiasis, pointing out the difference between dietary sodium and salt intake and the best methods to assess them, highlighting the main findings of epidemiologic, laboratory and intervention studies and focusing on open issues such as the role of dietary salt in secondary causes of nephrolithiasis.

KW - hypercalciuria

KW - nephrolithiasis

KW - salt

KW - urinary calcium

KW - urinary sodium

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960171740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960171740&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ndt/gfu243

DO - 10.1093/ndt/gfu243

M3 - Article

C2 - 25031016

AN - SCOPUS:84960171740

VL - 31

SP - 39

EP - 45

JO - Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

JF - Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

SN - 0931-0509

IS - 1

ER -