Salvage of simultaneous acute coronary closure and retroperitoneal bleeding using veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention techniques in a patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Iosif Xenogiannis, Katarzyna Hryniewicz, M. Nicholas Burke, Emmanouil S Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Iatrogenic coronary artery dissection is a feared complication of percutaneous coronary intervention as it can potentially lead to severe myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, shock, and death. Bailout-stenting or less often, emergent coronary artery bypass graft surgery may be needed for restoring antegrade flow. We describe a case of inferior ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction with preserved antegrade coronary flow. Percutaneous coronary intervention was complicated by acute right coronary artery closure during guide catheter engagement. Attempts for re-entry into the right coronary artery true lumen failed. Attempts to obtain right femoral arterial access resulted in retroperitoneal hematoma. The patient developed refractory ventricular fibrillation and could not be defibrillated. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was started using surgical right femoral cutdown for the venous cannula and the left common femoral artery for the arterial cannula. A dissection strategy with a knuckled guidewire was used around previously placed stents followed by successful re-entry into the distal right coronary artery using the Stingray system. The venous cannula was changed to the internal jugular vein and the right common femoral artery and vein were surgically repaired. The patient was decannulated two days later and was eventually discharged from the hospital neurologically intact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antegrade dissection/re-entry
  • Iatrogenic coronary artery dissection
  • ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
  • Stingray system
  • Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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