Sarcoidosis and Sjögren's syndrome: Clinical and salivary evaluation

Mohammed J. Mansour, Cixin He, Sharif T. Al-Farra, Sadik A. Khuder, John M. Wright, Harvey P. Kessler, Robert J. Hinton, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Sarcoidosis and Sjögren's syndrome are two different diseases; however, when affecting the salivary glands, both diseases exhibit similar clinical signs and symptoms, which often complicates the diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of using salivary electrophoresis to differentiate between the two diseases. Methods: Saliva was collected from patients with sarcoidosis and patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Salivary flow rate, total protein, and electrophoretic profiles were examined. Results: Mean salivary flow rate was 0.41 ± 0.07 ml/min/gland vs. 0.43 ± 0.07 ml/min/gland; total salivary protein was 130.0 ± 29.2 mg% vs. 104.0 ± 8.8 mg% for sarcoidosis vs. Sjögren's syndrome, respectively. No differences were observed in salivary flow rate, total salivary protein, or electrophoretic profile between patients with sarcoidosis and patients with Sjögren's syndrome (P = 0.768, 0.718, and 1.000, respectively). Conclusions: Salivary protein electrophoresis does not appear to be useful to differentiate between sarcoidosis and Sjögren's syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-599
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Gel electrophoresis
  • Salivary flow rate
  • Salivary protein
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • Xerostomia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Cancer Research
  • Periodontics

Cite this

Mansour, M. J., He, C., Al-Farra, S. T., Khuder, S. A., Wright, J. M., Kessler, H. P., Hinton, R. J., & Al-Hashimi, I. (2013). Sarcoidosis and Sjögren's syndrome: Clinical and salivary evaluation. Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, 42(8), 594-599. https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12057