Although the leading causes of fever and pulmonary infiltrates in sickle cell patients are acute bacterial pneumonia and the acute chest syndrome, the former is usually responsive to antibiotics and not protracted, and the clinical course of the latter is short and self-limited. A patient with sickle cell anemia presented with fever and pulmonary infiltrates of several weeks duration that were unresponsive to antibiotics. Gross endobronchial abnormalities were noted on bronchoscopy, and the biopsies were consistent with sarcoidosis. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis can be difficult to establish in a patient with sickle cell anemia and protracted fever since both disorders are associated with chronic interstitial changes on the chest radiograph as well as restrictive physiology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the National Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1995|
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