Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and rapid plasma reagin in a trauma population

E. S. Caplan, M. A. Preas, T. Kerns, C. Soderstrom, M. Bosse, J. Bansal, N. T. Constantine, E. Hendrix, M. Caplan, D. E. Fry, W. P. Schecter, S. Brotman, E. R. Thal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and rapid plasma reagin (RPR) among patients admitted to our trauma unit from April 15 to June 30, 1993. Of 984 patients tested, we found 255 (26%) had evidence of exposure to one or more of these agents: HIV, 4%; HBV, 20%; HCV, 14%; and RPR, 1%. Thirty-eight percent of patients had more than one positive serology, 75% of the HIV patients, 49% of the HBV patients, and 66% of the HCV patients. There was no difference between penetrating and nonpenetrating trauma with respect to any of the viruses. The risk factors for HIV-positive patients were non-White race, positive drug screen, positive alcohol screen, and city resident. Risk factors for HBV patients were non-White race, positive drug screen, and city resident. Risk factors for HBC patients were male sex, non-White race, positive alcohol screen, positive drug screen, and city resident. The risk of blood-borne infections in this group of patients is substantial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Caplan, E. S., Preas, M. A., Kerns, T., Soderstrom, C., Bosse, M., Bansal, J., Constantine, N. T., Hendrix, E., Caplan, M., Fry, D. E., Schecter, W. P., Brotman, S., & Thal, E. R. (1995). Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and rapid plasma reagin in a trauma population. Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 39(3), 533-538. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199509000-00022