Severe pulmonary hypertension is recognized by focusing on the clinical signs and tests that demonstrate decompensated right ventricular failure or, in the worst-case scenario, shock. An aggressive treatment regimen including a prostacyclin infusion is required for these patients. Once admitted to the hospital, or the ICU for decompensated right ventricular failure, the short- and long-term outcomes for PAH patients are poor. For those who are candidates, urgent lung transplantation, or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to lung transplantation may be rescue therapy.
- Acute right ventricular failure
- Lung transplantation
- Pulmonary arterial hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine