Severin is a gelsolin prototype

H. L. Yin, P. A. Janmey, M. Schleicher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

A number of Ca2+ -activated actin filament severing proteins have been identified in eukaryotic cells of diverse lineages. Gelsolin and villin, with molecular mass of about 80-90 kDa, and severin and fragmin, with molecular mass of about 40 kDa, have been isolated from vertebrates and invertebrates, respectively. We report here a direct comparison of the functional properties of gelsolin and severin, and the finding that the actin filament severing activity of severin, like that of gelsolin, is inhibited by polyphosphoinositides. However, severin does not nucleate actin filament assembly as well as gelsolin. These characteristics are very similar to those ascribed to the NH2,-terminal half of gelsolin, supporting the idea that they are evolutionarily related. Regulation of severin by polyphospholipids raises the possibility that it may participate in agonist-stimulated regulation of the actin cytoskeleton in Dictyostelium discoideum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-80
Number of pages3
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume264
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 1990

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Keywords

  • Calcium ion
  • Gelsolin
  • Polyphosphoinositide severing protein
  • Severin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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