Sex steroids mediate HOXA11 expression in the human peri-implantation endometrium

Hugh S. Taylor, Peter Igarashi, David L. Olive, Aydin Arici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations


Under the influence of sex steroids, human endometrium undergoes sequential development in preparation for implantation. Hoxa11 is essential for implantation in the mouse. Here we describe a potential role for HOXA11 in human endometrial development and implantation. Northern analysis demonstrates that HOXA11 is expressed in a menstrual cycle phase-dependent fashion in adult human endometrium. HOXA11 messenger RNA levels dramatically increase at the time of implantation and remain increased in pregnancy. In vitro, HOXA11 expression is increased in response to estrogen or progesterone. There is a dose-responsive increase over the physiologic range of progesterone concentration. Pretreatment with Cyclohexamide does not decrease the response to estrogen. Steroids are novel regulators HOX gene expression. The spatial and temporal pattern of HOXA11 expression in the human endometrium suggests a role in endometrial development, implantation, and maintenance of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1135
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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