Shining light on the alphaproteobacterial general stress response: Comment on: Fiebig et al., Mol Microbiol, 2019.

Igor Dikiy, Kevin H. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

The general stress response (GSR) allows many bacterial species to react to myriad different stressors. In Alphaproteobacteria, this signaling pathway proceeds through the partner-switching PhyR-EcfG sigma-factor mechanism and is involved in multiple life processes, including virulence in Brucella abortus. To date, details of the alphaproteobacterial GSR signaling pathway have been determined using genetic and biochemical work on a diverse set of species distributed throughout the clade. Fiebig and co-workers establish Erythrobacter litoralis DSM 8509 as a genetically tractable lab strain and use it to both directly and indirectly delineate photoresponsive GSR pathways mediated by multiple HWE/HisKA_2 histidine kinases. The existence of a new phototrophic lab strain allows researchers to compare the GSR across different Alphaproteobacteria, as well as study the interplay between the GSR and phototrophy. Additionally, the discovery of new HWE/HisKA_2 kinases regulating the GSR poses new questions about how different stimuli feed into this widespread stress pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Microbiology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Alphaproteobacteria
Sphingomonadaceae
Phototrophic Processes
Brucella abortus
Sigma Factor
Virulence
Molecular Biology
Phosphotransferases
Research Personnel
Histidine Kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Shining light on the alphaproteobacterial general stress response: Comment on: Fiebig et al., Mol Microbiol, 2019.",
abstract = "The general stress response (GSR) allows many bacterial species to react to myriad different stressors. In Alphaproteobacteria, this signaling pathway proceeds through the partner-switching PhyR-EcfG sigma-factor mechanism and is involved in multiple life processes, including virulence in Brucella abortus. To date, details of the alphaproteobacterial GSR signaling pathway have been determined using genetic and biochemical work on a diverse set of species distributed throughout the clade. Fiebig and co-workers establish Erythrobacter litoralis DSM 8509 as a genetically tractable lab strain and use it to both directly and indirectly delineate photoresponsive GSR pathways mediated by multiple HWE/HisKA_2 histidine kinases. The existence of a new phototrophic lab strain allows researchers to compare the GSR across different Alphaproteobacteria, as well as study the interplay between the GSR and phototrophy. Additionally, the discovery of new HWE/HisKA_2 kinases regulating the GSR poses new questions about how different stimuli feed into this widespread stress pathway.",
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