Sigma-1 Receptor and neuronal excitability

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R), via interaction with various proteins, including voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels (VGICs and LGICs), is involved in a plethora of neuronal functions. This capability to regulate a variety of ion channel targets endows the Sig-1R with a powerful capability to fine tune neuronal excitability, and thereby the transmission of information within brain circuits. This versatility may also explain why the Sig-1R is associated to numerous diseases at both peripheral and central levels. To date, how the Sig-1R chooses its targets and how the combinations of target modulations alter overall neuronal excitability is one of the challenges in the field of Sig-1R-dependent regulation of neuronal activity. Here, we will describe and discuss the latest findings on Sig-1R-dependent modulation of VGICs and LGICs, and provide hypotheses that may explain the diverse excitability outcomes that have been reported so far.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages109-130
Number of pages22
Volume244
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

NameHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Volume244
ISSN (Print)0171-2004
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0325

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Keywords

  • AMPA receptor
  • Auxiliary subunit
  • Calcium channels
  • Chaperone protein
  • Intrinsic excitability
  • NMDA receptor
  • Potassium channels
  • Sigma-1 receptor
  • Sodium channels
  • Voltage-gated ion channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Kourrich, S. (2017). Sigma-1 Receptor and neuronal excitability. In Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology (Vol. 244, pp. 109-130). (Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology; Vol. 244). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/164_2017_8