Silicone allergy: A new cause for cochlear implant extrusion and its management

Larisa D. Kunda, Katrina R. Stidham, Michelle M. Inserra, Peter S. Roland, Daniel Franklin, Joseph B. Roberson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We introduce silicone allergy as a rare cause for cochlear implant extrusion and discuss its management. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series and literature review. SETTING: Tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS: Primary eligibility criteria included patients who experienced a delayed extrusion of their cochlear implants with negative wound cultures and had a suspected or a test-proven allergy to silicone components of an implant. INTERVENTIONS: Silicone allergy testing, explantation of a cochlear implant containing allergenic silicone materials, reimplantation with a custom-made cochlear implant excluding an allergenic silicone component. OUTCOME MEASURES: Uneventful wound healing and extrusion-free long-term follow-up after the reimplantation with a custom-made cochlear implant excluding an allergenic silicone component. RESULTS: Three known cases of cochlear implant extrusion as a result of silicone allergy have been noted from 1991 through 2004 in three cochlear implant programs in the United States. All three devices extruded, resulting in explantation of the old device and reimplantation with a new custom-made device eliminating the allergenic silicone component. Wound cultures were negative in all cases. All three patients experienced a delayed extrusion of their devices. Two of these patients had a test-proven allergy to the implant's silicone components, whereas the third patient was presumed to have a hypersensitivity solely on the basis of a clinical presentation. CONCLUSION: We propose that silicone allergy is a rare cause of cochlear implant extrusion. Patients experiencing cochlear implant extrusion, particularly with a delayed onset and negative wound culture results, should be tested for silicone allergy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1078-1082
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • Allergy testing kits
  • Cochlear implant
  • Delayed extrusion
  • Silicone allergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Kunda, L. D., Stidham, K. R., Inserra, M. M., Roland, P. S., Franklin, D., & Roberson, J. B. (2006). Silicone allergy: A new cause for cochlear implant extrusion and its management. Otology and Neurotology, 27(8), 1078-1082. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mao.0000235378.64654.4d