Simultaneous determination of volatile organic compounds in commercial alcoholic beverages by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection

Hyung Min Kim, Gun Yang, Jung Yoon Kim, Sang Jun Yoon, Byong Kyu Shin, Jeongmi Lee, Jeong Hill Park, Sung Won Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


A simple and fast method was developed for the determination of volatile organic compounds in alcoholic beverages. Eleven volatile organic compounds (acetaldehyde, methanol, 2-propanol, tert-butanol, 1-propanol, ethyl acetate, 2-butanol, isobutanol, 1-butanol, 3-methyl-1butanol, and 2-methyl-1-butanol) in alcoholic beverages were analyzed with a simple direct-injection method using GC with flame ionization detection. These compounds should be monitored in the QC of production processes because they are detrimental to human health. The method was validated with four types of alcoholic beverages (beers, fruit wines, rice wines, and spirits) to confirm the versatility of the method. Linearity showed r2 values from 0.9986 to 0.9995, with LODs ranging from 0.010 to 1.000 mg/L. Precision and accuracy showed acceptable results, proving the effectiveness of the method. The developed method was applied to 40 commercial samples representing the four types of alcoholic beverages, and principal component analysis was performed to determine profiles of the volatile organic compounds, depending on the type of alcoholic beverage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1492-1499
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of AOAC International
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Pharmacology

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