Singlet oxygen dosimetry modeling for photodynamic therapy

Xing Liang, Ken Kang Hsin Wang, Timothy C. Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an important treatment modality for cancer and other localized diseases. In addition to PDT dose, singlet oxygen ( 1O 2) concentration is used as an explicit PDT dosimetry quantity, because 1O 2 is the major cytotoxic agent in photodynamic therapy, and the reaction between 1O 2 and tumor tissues/cells determines the treatment efficacy. 1O 2 concentration can be obtained by the PDT model, which includes diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen. This model was implemented using finite-element method (FEM) by COMSOL. In the kinetic equations, 5 photo-physiological parameters were determined explicitly to predict the generation of 1O 2. The singlet oxygen concentration profile was calculated iteratively by comparing the model with the measurements based on mice experiments, to obtain the apparent reacted 1O 2 concentration as an explicit PDT dosimetry quantity. Two photosensitizers including Photofrin and BPD Verteporfin, were tested using this model to determine their photo-physiological parameters and the reacted 1O 2 concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection
Subtitle of host publicationMechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXI
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXI - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2012Jan 22 2012

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume8210
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceOptical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XXI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period1/21/121/22/12

Keywords

  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Photosensitizer
  • Singlet oxygen concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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