Solution-focused wellness coaching: a mixed methods, longitudinal study with college students

James D. Beauchemin, Sandra D. Facemire, Kipp R. Pietrantonio, Helen T. Yates, Danya Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research indicates that college students are experiencing mental health challenges of greater severity and frequency. College students present with a variety of wellness-related challenges, resulting in increased demand on campus health resources and service limitations including extended wait lists and increased off-campus referrals. This research study examined the effectiveness of a short-term solution-focused intervention on perceptions of wellness and stress among the college student population. This study utilized a longitudinal, mixed-methods design to assess the impact of a brief (seven-week) intervention on perceived stress and wellness among 52 college students at a large Midwestern University, using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Five-Factor Wellness Evaluation of Lifestyle (5 F-WEL). Repeated measures analysis of variance (RM-ANOVA) results indicated significant differences across time for perceived stress and wellness (p <.01). To augment quantitative data, a brief, semi-structured interview was completed with 24 study participants post-intervention, and an Applied Thematic Analysis (ATA) was conducted as a means of identifying themes. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of a solution-focused wellness (SFW) approach in changing perceptions of stress and wellness. Findings provide support for a prevention model in which college students are encouraged to proactively engage in lifestyle activities that enhance their wellness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-59
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Work in Mental Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Wellness
  • college students
  • prevention
  • solution-focused brief therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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