Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample

Lisa L. Harlow, James O. Prochaska, Colleen A. Redding, Joseph S. Rossi, Wayne F. Velicer, Matthew G. Snow, Daniel Schnell, Christine Galavotti, Kevin O'Reilly, Fen Rhodes, Nancy H. Corby, Richard Wolitski, David Cohn, C. J. Martindale, Keith Yamaguchi, Carolyn Beeker, Donna Higgins, Linda Kay, Martin Fishbein, Niel TashimaKathleen Crain, Joan Cleary, Alena Atchinson, Lynda Ames, Tome Rose, Susan Tross, Abu Abdul Quadar, Alfred McAlister, Lea Vonne Pulley, Charles Haley, Anne Freeman, Martin Krepcho, Joanne Valentine, John Sheridan, Robert Wood, Karen Hartfield, Gary Goldbaum, Thomas Perdue, Charles Pride, Sheila Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goals were to (1) clarify high risk individuals into one of five stages of readiness for consistent condom use based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change (e.g., Prochaska, Norcross and DiClemente, 1994); (2) investigate whether frequency of condom use was different for vaginal vs. anal sex, and for steady vs. other partners; and (3) explore whether condom use was related to several demographic variables. Street interviews were conducted in six major geographic areas across the United States on a diverse sample of 345 individuals engaging in high HIV-risk behaviors. Percentages of individuals found in each of five stages of condom use were: 36% Precontemplators, 15% Contemplators, 7% in Preparation, 7% in Action, and 35% in Maintenance. Individuals used condoms more with other, casual partners than with a steady partner, and slightly more when engaging in anal sex rather than vaginal sex. Condoms were also used more by: men, Caucasians, non-heterosexuals, and those who were not in a steady relationship than by others not in these categories. Still, the majority of high-risk individuals were not using condoms and were not prepared to start. This presents an urgent need for effective interventions to encourage condom use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume14
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Condoms
HIV
Sexual Behavior
Risk-Taking
Maintenance
Demography
Interviews

Keywords

  • AIDS/HIV risk
  • Anal vs. vaginal sex
  • Demographics
  • Stages of condom use
  • Steady vs. casual partner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Harlow, L. L., Prochaska, J. O., Redding, C. A., Rossi, J. S., Velicer, W. F., Snow, M. G., ... Robinson, S. (1999). Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample. Psychology and Health, 14(1), 143-157.

Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample. / Harlow, Lisa L.; Prochaska, James O.; Redding, Colleen A.; Rossi, Joseph S.; Velicer, Wayne F.; Snow, Matthew G.; Schnell, Daniel; Galavotti, Christine; O'Reilly, Kevin; Rhodes, Fen; Corby, Nancy H.; Wolitski, Richard; Cohn, David; Martindale, C. J.; Yamaguchi, Keith; Beeker, Carolyn; Higgins, Donna; Kay, Linda; Fishbein, Martin; Tashima, Niel; Crain, Kathleen; Cleary, Joan; Atchinson, Alena; Ames, Lynda; Rose, Tome; Tross, Susan; Quadar, Abu Abdul; McAlister, Alfred; Pulley, Lea Vonne; Haley, Charles; Freeman, Anne; Krepcho, Martin; Valentine, Joanne; Sheridan, John; Wood, Robert; Hartfield, Karen; Goldbaum, Gary; Perdue, Thomas; Pride, Charles; Robinson, Sheila.

In: Psychology and Health, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1999, p. 143-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harlow, LL, Prochaska, JO, Redding, CA, Rossi, JS, Velicer, WF, Snow, MG, Schnell, D, Galavotti, C, O'Reilly, K, Rhodes, F, Corby, NH, Wolitski, R, Cohn, D, Martindale, CJ, Yamaguchi, K, Beeker, C, Higgins, D, Kay, L, Fishbein, M, Tashima, N, Crain, K, Cleary, J, Atchinson, A, Ames, L, Rose, T, Tross, S, Quadar, AA, McAlister, A, Pulley, LV, Haley, C, Freeman, A, Krepcho, M, Valentine, J, Sheridan, J, Wood, R, Hartfield, K, Goldbaum, G, Perdue, T, Pride, C & Robinson, S 1999, 'Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample', Psychology and Health, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 143-157.
Harlow LL, Prochaska JO, Redding CA, Rossi JS, Velicer WF, Snow MG et al. Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample. Psychology and Health. 1999;14(1):143-157.
Harlow, Lisa L. ; Prochaska, James O. ; Redding, Colleen A. ; Rossi, Joseph S. ; Velicer, Wayne F. ; Snow, Matthew G. ; Schnell, Daniel ; Galavotti, Christine ; O'Reilly, Kevin ; Rhodes, Fen ; Corby, Nancy H. ; Wolitski, Richard ; Cohn, David ; Martindale, C. J. ; Yamaguchi, Keith ; Beeker, Carolyn ; Higgins, Donna ; Kay, Linda ; Fishbein, Martin ; Tashima, Niel ; Crain, Kathleen ; Cleary, Joan ; Atchinson, Alena ; Ames, Lynda ; Rose, Tome ; Tross, Susan ; Quadar, Abu Abdul ; McAlister, Alfred ; Pulley, Lea Vonne ; Haley, Charles ; Freeman, Anne ; Krepcho, Martin ; Valentine, Joanne ; Sheridan, John ; Wood, Robert ; Hartfield, Karen ; Goldbaum, Gary ; Perdue, Thomas ; Pride, Charles ; Robinson, Sheila. / Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample. In: Psychology and Health. 1999 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 143-157.
@article{e30aa0773fa74c50b1756798128b5ab6,
title = "Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample",
abstract = "The goals were to (1) clarify high risk individuals into one of five stages of readiness for consistent condom use based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change (e.g., Prochaska, Norcross and DiClemente, 1994); (2) investigate whether frequency of condom use was different for vaginal vs. anal sex, and for steady vs. other partners; and (3) explore whether condom use was related to several demographic variables. Street interviews were conducted in six major geographic areas across the United States on a diverse sample of 345 individuals engaging in high HIV-risk behaviors. Percentages of individuals found in each of five stages of condom use were: 36{\%} Precontemplators, 15{\%} Contemplators, 7{\%} in Preparation, 7{\%} in Action, and 35{\%} in Maintenance. Individuals used condoms more with other, casual partners than with a steady partner, and slightly more when engaging in anal sex rather than vaginal sex. Condoms were also used more by: men, Caucasians, non-heterosexuals, and those who were not in a steady relationship than by others not in these categories. Still, the majority of high-risk individuals were not using condoms and were not prepared to start. This presents an urgent need for effective interventions to encourage condom use.",
keywords = "AIDS/HIV risk, Anal vs. vaginal sex, Demographics, Stages of condom use, Steady vs. casual partner",
author = "Harlow, {Lisa L.} and Prochaska, {James O.} and Redding, {Colleen A.} and Rossi, {Joseph S.} and Velicer, {Wayne F.} and Snow, {Matthew G.} and Daniel Schnell and Christine Galavotti and Kevin O'Reilly and Fen Rhodes and Corby, {Nancy H.} and Richard Wolitski and David Cohn and Martindale, {C. J.} and Keith Yamaguchi and Carolyn Beeker and Donna Higgins and Linda Kay and Martin Fishbein and Niel Tashima and Kathleen Crain and Joan Cleary and Alena Atchinson and Lynda Ames and Tome Rose and Susan Tross and Quadar, {Abu Abdul} and Alfred McAlister and Pulley, {Lea Vonne} and Charles Haley and Anne Freeman and Martin Krepcho and Joanne Valentine and John Sheridan and Robert Wood and Karen Hartfield and Gary Goldbaum and Thomas Perdue and Charles Pride and Sheila Robinson",
year = "1999",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "143--157",
journal = "Psychology and Health",
issn = "0887-0446",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stages of condom use in a high HIV-risk sample

AU - Harlow, Lisa L.

AU - Prochaska, James O.

AU - Redding, Colleen A.

AU - Rossi, Joseph S.

AU - Velicer, Wayne F.

AU - Snow, Matthew G.

AU - Schnell, Daniel

AU - Galavotti, Christine

AU - O'Reilly, Kevin

AU - Rhodes, Fen

AU - Corby, Nancy H.

AU - Wolitski, Richard

AU - Cohn, David

AU - Martindale, C. J.

AU - Yamaguchi, Keith

AU - Beeker, Carolyn

AU - Higgins, Donna

AU - Kay, Linda

AU - Fishbein, Martin

AU - Tashima, Niel

AU - Crain, Kathleen

AU - Cleary, Joan

AU - Atchinson, Alena

AU - Ames, Lynda

AU - Rose, Tome

AU - Tross, Susan

AU - Quadar, Abu Abdul

AU - McAlister, Alfred

AU - Pulley, Lea Vonne

AU - Haley, Charles

AU - Freeman, Anne

AU - Krepcho, Martin

AU - Valentine, Joanne

AU - Sheridan, John

AU - Wood, Robert

AU - Hartfield, Karen

AU - Goldbaum, Gary

AU - Perdue, Thomas

AU - Pride, Charles

AU - Robinson, Sheila

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The goals were to (1) clarify high risk individuals into one of five stages of readiness for consistent condom use based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change (e.g., Prochaska, Norcross and DiClemente, 1994); (2) investigate whether frequency of condom use was different for vaginal vs. anal sex, and for steady vs. other partners; and (3) explore whether condom use was related to several demographic variables. Street interviews were conducted in six major geographic areas across the United States on a diverse sample of 345 individuals engaging in high HIV-risk behaviors. Percentages of individuals found in each of five stages of condom use were: 36% Precontemplators, 15% Contemplators, 7% in Preparation, 7% in Action, and 35% in Maintenance. Individuals used condoms more with other, casual partners than with a steady partner, and slightly more when engaging in anal sex rather than vaginal sex. Condoms were also used more by: men, Caucasians, non-heterosexuals, and those who were not in a steady relationship than by others not in these categories. Still, the majority of high-risk individuals were not using condoms and were not prepared to start. This presents an urgent need for effective interventions to encourage condom use.

AB - The goals were to (1) clarify high risk individuals into one of five stages of readiness for consistent condom use based on the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change (e.g., Prochaska, Norcross and DiClemente, 1994); (2) investigate whether frequency of condom use was different for vaginal vs. anal sex, and for steady vs. other partners; and (3) explore whether condom use was related to several demographic variables. Street interviews were conducted in six major geographic areas across the United States on a diverse sample of 345 individuals engaging in high HIV-risk behaviors. Percentages of individuals found in each of five stages of condom use were: 36% Precontemplators, 15% Contemplators, 7% in Preparation, 7% in Action, and 35% in Maintenance. Individuals used condoms more with other, casual partners than with a steady partner, and slightly more when engaging in anal sex rather than vaginal sex. Condoms were also used more by: men, Caucasians, non-heterosexuals, and those who were not in a steady relationship than by others not in these categories. Still, the majority of high-risk individuals were not using condoms and were not prepared to start. This presents an urgent need for effective interventions to encourage condom use.

KW - AIDS/HIV risk

KW - Anal vs. vaginal sex

KW - Demographics

KW - Stages of condom use

KW - Steady vs. casual partner

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033444192&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033444192&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033444192

VL - 14

SP - 143

EP - 157

JO - Psychology and Health

JF - Psychology and Health

SN - 0887-0446

IS - 1

ER -