Structural determinants for cross-talk between pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 3 and lipoyl domain 2 of the human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex

Shih Chia Tso, Masato Kato, Jacinta L. Chuang, David T. Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoforms (PDK1-4) are the molecular switch that down-regulates activity of the human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex through reversible phosphorylation. We showed previously that binding of the lipoyl domain 2 (L2) of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex to PDK3 induces a "cross-tail" conformation in PDK3, resulting in an opening of the active site cleft and the stimulation of kinase activity. In the present study, we report that alanine substitutions of Leu-140, Glu-170, and Glu-179 in L2 markedly reduce binding affinities of these L2 mutants for PDK3. Unlike wild-type L2, binding of these L2 mutants to PDK3 does not preferentially reduce the affinity of PDK3 for ADP over ATP. The inefficient removal of product inhibition associated with ADP accounts for the decreased stimulation of PDK3 activity by these L2 variants. Serial truncations of the PDK3 C-terminal tail region either impede or abolish the binding of wild-type L2 to the PDK3 mutants, resulting in the reduction or absence of L2-enhanced kinase activity. Alanine substitutions of residues Leu-27, Phe-32, Phe-35, and Phe-48 in the lipoyl-binding pocket of PDK3 similarly nullify L2 binding and L2-stimulated PDK3 activity. Our results indicate that the above residues in L2 and residues in the C-terminal region and the lipoyl-binding pocket of PDK3 are critical determinants for the cross-talk between L2 and PDK3, which up-regulates PDK3 activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27197-27204
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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