In the current investigation, subcellular particles (synaptosomes) of hypothalamic homogenates were isolated by differential centrifugation and discontinuous sucrose density gradient fractionation and found to be rich in LHRH, TRH, and the neuronal marker, norepinephrine (NE). Of the total quantity of LHRH, TRH, or NE in the nuclei-free homogenate, 52-65% was recovered in synaptosomes, whereas the cytosol, myelin/ microsomes, and mitochondria contained only 1-12%. To determine the subsynaptosomal localization of LHRH and TRH, purified synaptosomes were lysed and the resulting suspensions were fractionated on discontinuous sucrose density gradients. LHRH (30-40%) was found to be localized primarily in subsynaptosomal particles which banded at sucrose densities between 0.6-1.0 M. Electron microscopic analysis of these particles revealed the presence of dense-cored granules (70-80 nm diameter) and synaptosomal membrane remnants. Norepinephrine was found in two pools within the isolated nerve endings: 15-25% of synaptosomal NE was associated with the synaptic vesicles (45-55-nm diameter); about 40% was in the cytosol. TRH was present primarily as a soluble component of the nerve ending. No apparent association of TRH with densecored granules was demonstrable in this study; however, there may be some TRH in synaptic vesicles.
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