Subpopulation of Store-operated Ca2+ Channels Regulate Ca 2+-induced Ca2+ Release in Non-excitable Cells

Jian Yao, Qin Li, Jin Chen, Shmuel Muallem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) is a well characterized activity in skeletal and cardiac muscles mediated by the ryanodine receptors. The present study demonstrates CICR in the non-excitable parotid acinar cells, which resembles the mechanism described in cardiac myocytes. Partial depletion of internal Ca2+ stores leads to a minimal activation of Ca2+ influx. Ca2+ influx through this pathway results in an explosive mobilization of Ca2+ from the majority of the stores by CICR. Thus, stimulation of parotid acinar cells in Ca2+-free medium with 0.5 μM carbachol releases ∼5% of the Ca2+ mobilizable by 1 mM carbachol. Addition of external Ca 2+ induced the same Ca2+ release observed in maximally stimulated cells. Similar results were obtained by a short treatment with 2. 5-10 μM cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase pump. The Ca2+ release induced by the addition of external Ca2+ was largely independent of IP 3Rs because it was reduced by only ∼30% by the inhibition of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors with caffeine or heparin. Measurements of Ca2+-activated outward current and [Ca2+]i suggested that most CICR triggered by Ca2+ influx occurred away from the plasma membrane. Measurement of the response to several concentrations of cyclopiazonic acid revealed that Ca2+ influx that regulates CICR is associated with a selective portion of the internal Ca2+ pool. The minimal activation of Ca2+ influx by partial store depletion was confirmed by the measurement of Mn2+ influx. Inhibition of Ca 2+ influx with SKF96365 or 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate prevented activation of CICR observed on addition of external Ca2+. These findings provide evidence for activation of CICR by Ca2+ influx in non-excitable cells, demonstrate a previously unrecognized role for Ca 2+ influx in triggering CICR, and indicate that CICR in non-excitable cells resembles CICR in cardiac myocytes with the exception that in cardiac cells Ca2+ influx is mediated by voltage-regulated Ca 2+ channels whereas in non-excitable cells Ca2+ influx is mediated by store-operated channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21511-21519
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 14 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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