Since 1980, 35 patients (age range 40–77 years) with severe forefoot ischemia have undergone a unilateral Syme amputation. Thirty-one patients (89%) were diabetic. The indication for amputation was either extensive forefoot gangrene or ulceration too advanced for a digital or transmetatarsal amputation. Twenty-two amputations (63%) were immediately preceded by either percutaneous tranluminal angioplasty (four) or a bypass procedure to the popliteal artery (five) or an infrapopliteal artery (13). Primary healing occurred in 19 (86%) of 22 amputations immediately preceded by revascularization and in 10 (77%) of 13 limbs undergoing amputation alone. Twenty-eight (97%) of the 29 patients with successful primary healing were successfully rehabilitated. Rehabilitation rendered 13 patients fully ambulatory, 15 ambulatory with intermittent use of a walker or cane and one unable to walk. At follow-up of four months to 13 years (mean 42 months), the cumulative ambulatory rate at 1, 3, and 5 years was 92, 80 and 80%, respectively. Syme amputation allows a return to a functional ambulatory status in a high percentage of patients with severe forefoot ischemia. These findings suggest that Syme amputation is an acceptable option in dysvascular patients with severe forefoot ischemia.
- Syme amputation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine